Edorium Journal of

Endocrinology

 
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Original Article
 
Evaluation of waist and neck circumferences in Brazilian school children
Erika C. O. Naliato1, Vanessa T. Oliveira2, Luana R. M. Oliveira3, Claudia F. Mello4, Larissa B. Fernandes5, Valeria D. Alves6, Lucas A. S. Ferreira7, Susana V. Moreira8, Roberta L. M. Pandini9, Sidia S. S. Sena10, Luciana M. B. M. Souza11
1MD, PhD, Director of the Center of Studies Ricardo A T Castilho of the Medical Association of Teresópolis, Teresópolis/RJ, Brazil.
2MD, Resident in Pediatrics at the Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Belo Horizonte/MG, Brazil.
3MD, Resident in Surgery, Belo Horizonte/MG, Brazil.
4MD, General Practionner, Teresópolis Health Department, Teresópolis/RJ, Brazil.
5MD, General Practionner, Cabo Frio Health Department, Cabo Frio/RJ, Brazil.
6MD, General Practionner, São José Hospital, Teresópolis/RJ, Brazil.
7MD, Resident in Orthopedics, Costantino Ottaviano University Hospital, Teresópolis/RJ, Brazil.
8MD, General Practionner, CMS Vila do Céu, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil.
9MD, General Practionner, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil.
10Medical Student at Serra dos Órgãos University Center, Teresópolis/RJ, Brazil.
11MD, Ph.D, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatrics, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brazil.

Article ID: 100001E04EN2014
doi:10.5348/E04-2014-1-OA-1

Address correspondence to:
Erika C. O. Naliato
Avenida Lucio Meira 670/517
Centro - Teresópolis/RJ
Brazil
Phone: 55(21)2643-4189; 55(21)991832247, CEP: 25953-007
Email: erikanaliato@uol.com.br

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How to cite this article
Naliato ECO, Oliveira VT, Oliveira LRM, Mello CF, Fernandes LB, Alves VD, Ferreira LAS, Moreira SV, Pandini RLM, Sena SSS, Souza LMBM. Evaluation of waist and neck circumferences in Brazilian school children. Edorium J Endocrinol 2014;1:1–8.


Abstract
Aims: To assess waist and neck circumferences, and correlate them to other anthropometric data in children.
Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated 522 children, regarding age, weight, height, waist, hip and neck circumferences, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio.
Results: Mean body weight and height were 22.8±12.5 kg and 111.6±26.3 cm, respectively. Body mass index corresponded to 17.86±8.03 kg/m2. Among the 419 children (with two or more than two years old) whose body mass index percentile was calculated, 37 were underweight, 277 had a healthy weight, 50 were overweight, and 55 were obese. Mean waist circumference achieved 55.4±10.9 cm and mean hip circumference corresponded to 61.1±13.9 cm, while mean neck circumference was 27.6±3.4 cm. Mean waist-to-hip ratio corresponded to 0.92±0.1, mean waist-to-height ratio achieved 0.5±0.1 and 44.1% of patients presented high waist-to-height ratio. No difference was detected when data of girls and boys was compared. Weight, height, body mass index, body mass index percentile, neck and hip circumferences, waist-to-hip ratio, and waist-to-height ratio were significantly correlated with both waist and neck circumferences
Conclusion: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in Brazilian children is remarkable and similar to that obtained worldwide. This study is in accordance with those that considered waist and neck circumferences highly correlated with other anthropometric measures. We consider that these easily performable measures are helpful in the evaluation of visceral adipose tissue and should be part of the routine evaluation of Brazilian children and adolescents.

Keywords: Cardiovascular risk, Neck circumference, Obesity, Waist circumference

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Author Contributions:
Erika C. O. Naliato – Substantial contributions to conception and design, Acquisition of data, Analysis and interpretation of data, Drafting the article, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Vanessa T. Oliveira – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Luana R. M. Oliveira – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Claudia F. Mello – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Larissa B. Fernandes – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Valeria D. Alves – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Lucas A. S. Ferreira – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Susana V. Moreira – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Roberta L. M. Pandini – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Sidia S. S. Sena – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Luciana M. B. M Souza – Analysis and interpretation of data, Revising it critically for important intellectual content, Final approval of the version to be published
Guarantor of submission
The corresponding author is the guarantor of submission.
Source of support
None
Conflict of interest
Authors declare no conflict of interest.
Copyright
© 2014 Erika C. O. Naliato et al. This article is distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided the original author(s) and original publisher are properly credited. Please see the copyright policy on the journal website for more information.



About The Authors

Erika C. O. Naliato is the Coordinator of Ricardo A. T. Castilho Center of Studies of the Teresopolis Medical Association, At Teresopolis/Brazil. She earned Masters and PhD degrees in endocrinology from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). She has published 16 research papers in national and international academic journals and authored two books. Her research interests include Pituitary, thyroid, and metabolic diseases. Email: erikanaliato@uol.com.br



Luciana Souza is a Pediatrician at the State University of Rio De Janeiro, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil and a Coordinator at Estacio De Sa Medical School, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. She earned PhD Degree in Child and Women Health from the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio De Janeiro, Brazil. She has published more than 10 research papers in national and international academic journals and authored two books. Her research interests include social and public health, family medicine and pediatrics. She intends to pursue postdocs in future.




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